Iran States It Would Liftoff Three Satellites
Recently, the Head of Space Agency of Iran, Morteza Barari, stated that Iran will blast-off 3 satellites by this year-end into orbit, as reported by Xinhua. The 3 satellites are Pars 1 and Zafar sensing satellites, and Nahid 1 telecommunication satellite, as per Barari. He stated, “Pars 1 and Zafar satellites leverage the resolutions of 15 m and 22.5 m, respectively. We are attempting to develop a sensing satellite by 2025 with the resolution of 1 m.”
Iran has attempted to liftoff a satellite twice into space earlier this year. Unfortunately, the mission was unsuccessful as the satellite failed to get into orbit. The launches were observed even after the forewarning by Mike Pompeo, the US Secretary of State, to Iran to close down its attempts to build ballistic missiles. Iran was asked to pull back the space launch plans by Pompeo, stating such activities would disregard UN Security Council Resolution 2231.
Resolution 2231—that the US states Iran defies with its ballistic missile experiments—preserved the 2015 nuclear pact of Iran with China, Britain, Germany, France, the United States, and Russia. The resolution states Iran is “summoned” to abstain for up to 8 Years from experiments on ballistic missiles developed to launch nuclear weapons.
Last week’s reports pointed that Iran seems to be gearing up for another satellite launch. Numerous short-lived satellites have been launched by Iran into orbit over the past decade and, later, asserted to have sent a monkey in 2013 into space. For the US, the ballistic missile program of Iran has been a reason for worry and was among the causes quoted by President Donald Trump when he left from the 2015 nuclear pact in last year’s May.
Similarly, last month, a fruitful test-firing was conducted by Iran of a Shehab-3 medium-range ballistic missile. However, it refuted to have defied the Resolution 2231. In the past, Hassan Rouhani, its President, has emphasized that Iran will carry on to create missiles for its protection and doesn’t deem that defiance of international agreements.