First-Ever Human Tested Chlamydia Vaccine Shows Positive Domino Effect
Chlamydia vaccine is for the very first time being tested in humans. The vaccine is believed to be safe and provide protection against some of the prevalent sexually transmitted bacterial infection in the world. The researchers from Denmark and the UK have found the vaccine to be quite promising even though it is quite early to predict anything about the research. According to Statens Serum Institut researchers, the vaccine helped improve immune response in women. This will be the first trial that will help measure its efficacy on the global scale. The experimental vaccine is assumed to target the bacterial infection hiding in the cells.
However, though the vaccine would prove efficient, the best option to stay away from sexually transmitted infections is the proper use of condoms. The University of North Carolina Children’s Research Institute researchers have found the vaccine to show T-cell response which is needed to target the Chlamydia hidden in the cells. In the US, 1.7 Million cases of Chlamydia were reported in 2017 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The infection can be treated with antibiotics but it generally remains undetected due to lack of any symptoms and is spotted when consulting doctors for birth control or other treatment. The vaccine can help avoid the transmission, which is a boon not only for women but also public health.
The infection if kept unnoticed could lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancies, cause infertility, and ovarian cancer. Another goal is to combine the experimental Chlamydia vaccine with HPV vaccine to help prevent cervical cancers and genital warts plus infertility at the same time. The University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) researchers found the microbiome to protect the inner bottom and, in certain cases, also make it susceptible to infections. The Chlamydia trachomatis that affect the human cells down there are found to be killed by Lactobacillus crispatus and another Lactobacillus species instead of Lactobacillus iners. This study can help women put up a strong fight against sexually transmitted diseases.